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What Are the Dangers of Rat Infestation

Few of us are aware that rats can be made as pets, and they are rather cute since they can be friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures. Domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, and so it is a good choice if your child is looking for a new pet. However, if you have wild rats in your home, their infestation is not a good thing especially they are not cute. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.

Rats have several sub-species, but the two main kinds are the black and brown rats. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.

Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.

Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats are not fussy with their food, although they prefer diet of meat and vegetables, they will still be happy to loot your trash or raid your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.

Rats are written and spoken about for several centuries and the main topic of concern is that they spread disease. The disease called the black death and later termed as the bubonic plague, were said to be transmitted by rats infested with fleas, and because of this, 25 million people died in the Middle Ages.

An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.

One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. If people are exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, they can be contaminated with the disease called hantavirus, and also this disease can be transmitted through rat bite. Very common also in the rat population is e-coli, and rats are also infected with this disease leading humans to be contaminated too from food and water that are contaminated.